Author Guidelines



 A. Writing Terms

  1. Script has never been published.
  2. Manuscript could in the form of opinions , insights , analysis , and results research from various type of research , like research experiment ,descriptive , development , and action class in field Biology Education .
  3. Manuscripts are written in the word fileformat in accordance with scientific writing guidelines, as explained in the writing guidelines (point C ) .
  4. Manuscripts can be received at all times by uploadingthem directly on the web: by logging in as an author 

B. General Guidelines for Writing

  1. The number of article pages is 7-12 pages .
  2. The size of the space in writing is 1.15 .
  3. Font type is Times New Roman with font size 12 .
  4. Articles use one column , including the title, abstract,and identity of the author .
  5. Titles are written in English and Indonesian.
  6. Abstracts and keywords are written in English .
  7. The content of the article is written in Indonesian or English .
  8. The new paragraph is written indented with indent-first line75 cm, between paragraphs not given spaces.
  9. Foreign words are written in italics.
  10. All numbers are written with numbers, except at the beginning of a sentence or the beginning of a paragraph.
  11. Tables and images must be given clear information and numbered.
  12. The general structure of the article results of the research are: Title, Abstract, Introduction (contains identification of problems, importance of problems, uses, purpose of research, and concise of study literature) , Methods, Data and Discussion, Closing, Bibliography , Acknowledgments (if necessary) , and Appendix (if necessary).
  13. Please notice "the article template". 

 C. Guidelines for Writing Article Content Structure

The manuscript should contain the following section in order:

 1. Title

 The title should describe the main content of article, be informative, concise, be accurate, unambiguous, specific, not too wordy (12-14 words only), does not contain formulas, and infrequently-used abbreviations. This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should and complete.

2. The author (s) name

Full name without academic degrees and titles. 

3. Name of affiliation for each author

The author name should be accompanied by complete affiliation address, email, and corresponding email.

4. Abstract

Abstract, which comprised of approximately 250 words, provides a brief description of research problems, aims, method used, results, and conclusion. An abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in the abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. The abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. You must be accurate, brief, clear and specific. Use words which reflect the precise meaning. The abstract should be precise and honest. 

Key words: Written in English 3-5 words or groups of words. Keywords are the labels of your article and critical to correct indexing and searching. Therefore the keywords should represent the content and highlight of your article. Use only those abbreviations that are firmly established in the field. 

5. Introduction

This section could also provide the expected results. The introduction must be written in single line spacing. The introduction comprises of: (1) research problem; (2) insight and problem solve planning; (3) summary of theoretical studies and the results of the present study (state of the art), related to the observed problems (gap analysis), and (4) research aims.

In Introduction, Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective, Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. 

6. Methods

Methods should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods. 

Basically, this section describes the way the research was done. The main materials must be written here: (1) research design; (2) population and samples; (3) sample collection techniques and instrumental development; (4) data analysis techniques.

The specification and type of tools and materials must be written in case the researches have been conducted by using them.

The qualitative research, such as classroom action research, case studies, and so forth, need to mention the researcher attendance, research subject, and participated informants, as well as the methods used to explore the data, research location, research duration, and the description of research results validation.

7. Results and Discussion

This section is the main part of the research result article in which the “fix” results are served. The data analysis processes, such as statistical computing and hypothesis testing, are not necessary to be served. The materials reported are the analysis results and hypothesis testing results. In addition, tables and graphics are also can be showed to enunciate the verbal narration. Tables and images must be given a comment or discussion. The details of qualitative research written in some sub-topics which directly related to the focused category.

The discussion of article aims to: (1) answer the problems and research questions; (2) show the ways the findings obtained; (3) interpret the findings; (4) relate the finding results to the settled-knowledge structure; (5) bring up new theories or modify the exist theories.

In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results).

The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what/how)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?

Research results must be clearly concluded in answering the research questions. Interpreting the findings should be done by using logics and present theories. The findings in form of facts found in the research fields are integrated to previous researches or present theories. This must be supported by reliable references. In case the researchers bring a new theories, the old theories can be confirmed or rejected, or modify the old theories.

8. Conclusion

This part provides the summary of results and discussion which refers to the research aims. Thus, the new principal ideas, which are essential part of the research findings, are developed. 

Conclusions should answer the objectives of the research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.

The suggestions, which are arranged based on research discussed-findings, are also written in this part. These should be based on practical activities, new theoretical development, and/or advance research.

9. Acknowledgement 

This section can be written in case there are certain parties need to be acknowledged, such as research sponsors/funding supporter. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may another supporter, i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers, who may have given materials. Do not acknowledge one of the authors names. The acknowledgement must be written in brief and clear. In addition, avoid the hyperbole acknowledgment.


Citation and referencing must be written based on Harvard Referencing Standard System 10th Edition which is organized by using Mendeley software latest version.

Example of Writing Reference

Reference written down use system Harvard Referencing Standard, with the second line  written indented with indent-second line 1 , 25 cm. one reference with next reference  given space after paragraph.


Author 1, Author 2, and so on. ( Name back , name front abbreviated ). Year Publication . Title Book Print Italic. The place Publication :Publisher .

Example :

Brookhart , BC 2010. How to Assess Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Your Classroom. Alexandria: ASCD.

Article in Journal

Author 1, Author 2, and so on. ( Name back , name front abbreviated ). Year Publication . Title Article . Name Journal Print Italic. Vol.Number : page .

Example :

Barak, M. & Dori, YJ 2009. Enhancing Higher Order Thinking Skills among Inservice Science Teachers via Embedded Assessment. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 20 (5), 459-474.

Conference Proceedings

Author 1, Author 2, and so on. ( Name back , name front abbreviated ). Year Publication . Title Article . Name Conference / Seminar PrintItalic. Date , Month , Year , City, Country : Page .

Example :

Darussyamsu , R. 2015. Biology Education Student Acceptance of Evolution Theory before Learn Evolutionary Course in Biology Department. I nternational C Conference, O n M athematics, S cience, E ducation and T echnology eeding Proc. October 22 , 2015, Padang, Indonesia: 360-365.

Thesis or Dissertation

Author ( Name back , name front abbreviated ). Year Publication . Title . Types ( Thesis , Thesis , Dissertation ) Print Italic. Place : University .

Example :

Sulistiarini , D. 2010. Influence Development Theory Teaching Materials Evolution Based Molecular Through Approach Learning FC2P Model Constructivism Against Ability Think Critical , understanding Concept and Attitude Students of Malang State High School 3.Thesis . Malang: PPs U niversitas Country M alang.

Source Reference from the Website

Author ( Name back , name front abbreviated ). Year Publication . Title . Address Uniform Resources Locator (URL). Date accessed .

Example :

Hook, P. & Mills, J. 2004. Solo Taxonomy and Creative Thinking. Accessed Date February 14, 2017.

Writing Table

Table given number corresponding order presentation ( Table 1, etc. ) without margin right or left . Title table written in part on table with center flat position (center justified).

Writing Images/Graphics

Picture given number corresponding order presentation ( Figure 1, etc. ), title picture placed in part under picture with position center flat position(center justified) .