Bioeducation Journal Bioeducation Journal en-US (Rahmawati Darussyamsu, M.Pd.) (Yosi Laila Rahmi, M.Pd.) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 16:47:04 +0000 OJS 60 Analysis of Student Learning Difficulties on Senior High School Scope of Biology <p><em>This study aims to determine student learning difficulties, percentages, and the factors that cause learning difficulties experienced by class X students of SMA Negeri 6 Pontianak in studying the scope of biology. This research method uses a case study, with the research subjects being students of class X MIPA 3. In collecting data, three instruments were used, namely diagnostic tests, questionnaires, and interviews. The results showed that the percentage of students' learning difficulties in class X SMA Negeri 6 Pontianak in studying the scope of biology was 66.42% with high criteria. For the causal factors that affect student learning difficulties, it can be seen from the percentage of internal factors of 66.13% and external factors of 69.16% in the high category. Thus, class X SMA Negeri 6 Pontianak experienced learning difficulties caused by internal and external factors.</em></p> Ganis Sundawiyani, Kurnia Ningsih, Titin Titin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 30 Jun 2022 16:25:07 +0000 Students' Perceptions about Learning Difficulties on Fungi Materials <p><em>This study aimed to determine students' perceptions of learning difficulties in fungi material. This research method is qualitative, the population of this research is all students, totaling 199 people. The subjects of this study were students of class X MA Negeri 1 Indramayu for the academic year 2021/2022, totaling 67 people. The instruments used were questionnaires, field notes, and interviews. The sampling technique used is random. Data analysis used the Likert scale and percentage technique (%). The results showed that the average learning difficulties of class X students at MA Negeri 1 Indramayu were generally in the very high category with a percentage of 28.5% and 71.5% with low learning difficulties. The biggest factor causing learning difficulties comes from internal factors, namely interest and motivation indicators 70.83% (low), readiness and attention 72.08% (low). Followed by external factors, namely the school environment 73.75% (low).</em></p> Nina Lutfia, Rani Suryani, Lesy Luzyawati, Suparto Suparto ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 30 Jun 2022 16:31:36 +0000 Development of a Mobile Learning E-book on Islamic Integrated Human Circulatory System for Class VIII SMP/MTs Students <p><em>The purpose of this research and development is to describe the results of the validity and response of mobile learning e-books on the material of the Islamic integrated human circulatory system for class VIII SMP/MTs students. The method used is research and development with a 4-D model by Thiagarajan which includes four stages, namely define, design, development, and dissemination. However, in this research it is limited to the development stage. The subjects of this research include validators and students. The validators include material experts, media experts, Al-Qur'an and Tafsir experts, and practitioners. The object of this research is class VIII-C students of SMP Negeri 1 Tempeh, Lumajang Regency which is divided into two stages in the response test, namely a small scale of 10 students and a large scale of 30 students. The data analysis technique used is descriptive analysis in the form of expert validation instruments and student responses using a Likert scale. The results showed that the mobile learning e-book was feasible based on the percentage of material experts by 94%, media experts by 95%, experts in Al-Qur'an and Tafsir science by 95%, and teachers by 96%. Also obtained from the results of student responses on a small scale to get a percentage of 91% and a large scale of 94%. This means that in terms of readability and attractiveness, it is very interesting and feasible to be applied in learning. Overall, mobile learning e-books can be said to be very valid and interesting to apply in learning activities for the human circulatory system.</em></p> Mochammad Ricky Rifa'i, Rafiatul Hasanah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 30 Jun 2022 16:34:39 +0000 Identification of Factors Causing Learning Difficulties In The 11th Grade Students on Cell Material and Substance Transport <p><em>Learning difficulties are the condition of learners who are not studying properly and are unable to obtain the predetermined KKM scores. Learners are experiencing learning difficulties influenced by several factors. Factors that affect learning difficulties learners are internal factors and external factors. Learning difficulties are often found in learners in following the learning process. Cell and substance transport is one of the high school class XI materials in biology lessons. In replication of cell material and transport of class XI MIA substances in SMA Negeri 1 Lubuk Alung shows value below KKM. So, based on the understanding of learning difficulties above means the students of class XI MIA in SMA Negeri 1 Lubuk Alung experiencing learning difficulties because they are unable to meet the limits of KKM which has been determined. Therefore, the researcher wanted to identify the difficulties of studying students in grade XI SMA Negeri 1 Lubuk Alung on cell material and substance transport.The type of this research is descriptive research. The instruments used in this study are questionnaires and questions. Questionnaire given in the form of statements and soaalnya in the form of multiple choice. The population of this study is the students of class XI MIA SMA Negeri 1 Lubuk Alung consisting of 7 classes with the number 231 people. The sample of this study was 70 people taken 10 people per class. Based on the data analysis can be seen the absence of the value of learners are complete after being given a matter of understanding the concept of the concept of cell material and substance transport. For the results of</em><em> questionnaires</em><em> data obtained the percentage of factors that cause the learning difficulties of the most high learners are themselves by 54.62%, the next school by 50.6%, the community 39.63% and the last family 30.94%.</em></p> Windi Amelia, Heffi Alberida ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 30 Jun 2022 16:37:59 +0000 Analyzed Question Quality of School Examinations Class IX Science Subjects <p><em>The quality of the items on the instrument affects the results of the class IX students' school exams. As an evaluator, the teacher has not conducted an analysis of the school exam questions. Therefore, it is not known the quality of the items and the accuracy of the students' test results. This is evidenced by the low results of school exams in the last three years. The Circular of the Minister of Education and Culture regarding the elimination of the National Examination, requires teachers in each Education Unit to make quality questions. Quality questions were identified by analyzing the items. This study aims to analyze the quality of the school exam items given to class IX SMP students. The quality of the items analyzed was based on the aspects of validity, reliability, level of difficulty, distinguishing power and quality of distractors. This type of research is a descriptive study. The population is all answer sheets of students who take the Science Subject School Examination of SMP Negeri 1 Lengayang in the academic year 2020/2021, totaling 232 copies. Samples were taken by simple random sampling technique and obtained 100 copies. The type of data is secondary data and data collection using the documentation method. Quantitative data analysis used Anates version 4.0.9. Based on the results of the analysis, it was found that the validity of the items was low with an xy correlation of 0.48, high reliability with a value of 0.65, good distinguishing power with good criteria of 36.7%, moderate difficulty level with moderate criteria 66.7%, and the quality of the distractor is not good with less good criteria 30.7%. In conclusion, the quality of the grade IX school examination items in science subjects at SMP Negeri 1 Lengayang in the academic year 2020/2021 is not yet a good criterion.</em></p> Maiyusri Eka Putri, Syamsurizal Syamsurizal, Lufri Lufri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 30 Jun 2022 16:41:02 +0000 Development of Herbaceous Plant's Pocket Book as Biology Learning Media to Improve Learning Outcomes in Plant Anatomy and Morphology Courses <p><em>Trinil Sky Root is a tour that has various types of plants, one of which is herbaceous plants. Based on the surey results, it was shown that all students did not have specific information that discussed the morphology of herbaceous plants so that students had difficulties in learning it. Whereas one of the factors supporting the success of the learning process is the use of learning media. Learning media is very important in supporting learning activities so that it is expected to realize a good teaching and learning process and have a positive impact on learning outcomes. The purpose of this study was to develop a biology learning media in the form of a pocket book of herbaceous plants and to find out its validity. This type of research is R&amp;D with the ADDIE development model. The trial subjects of this research were biology students at UIN Sayyid Ali Rahmatullah Tulungagung. The results of the analysis of the need for learning media for plant morphology pocket books, it can be seen that almost all Biology Tadris students already knew about herbaceous plants. However, some respondents have not been able to correctly name the characteristics of herbaceous plants, so there was need for learning resources that can facilitate achieving learning outcomes. The results of material expert validation were obtained at 96.4% (very valid) and media experts obtained a percentage of 88% (very valid). At the respondent's trial stage, the average post-test score was greater than the pre-test score, respectively 88.4 and 68.4. Then, the average readability test results of respondents got an average percentage of 93.9% (very valid). Thus, the herbal plant pocket book learning media at Trinil Sky Root Tourism is very suitable to be used as an alternative to support learning activities.</em></p> Arbaul Fauziah, Mivida Novi Soviona ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 30 Jun 2022 16:44:52 +0000